Why do gums irritate and bleed?

Today we are very aware of the importance of having good oral hygiene. we all know that gingivitis can provoke everyday discomfort and, if he advances, also the loss of dental parts.

But if the gums continue to be irritated and bleed despite proper care, you should consult because this may be the reason notice that there is a hidden disease. We review the different possibilities.

Why gum flakes off

If you notice that there are periods when the gums are extremely tender, red, swollen and bleeding and it suddenly stops and you pass a few days without these inconveniences, maybe you have one chronic desquamative gingivitis.

This sudden improvement is precisely what distinguishes it from a gingivitis or inflammation due to plaque buildup on the gums, which would be more permanent.

  • It is common in women over 40. and this happens when the layer that covers the tooth, the epithelium, is altered and flakes off.
  • You may be hiding an illness systemic disease that needs to be treated specifically, such as lupus erythematosus or psoriasis.

Inflammation of the gums due to lichen planus

It is a dermatological condition – in fact autoimmune because the organism attacks its own tissues – which causes irritation of the skin and the appearance of purplish flat lesions (especially in the folds of the joints), the scalp, the nails and, sometimes, also inside the mucous membranes.

In the mouth these spots are white but They can turn into painful sores. Over time, this can cause a general inflammation of the gums and, in this case, the bleeding occurs mainly when brushing the teeth.

In many cases it is associated with hepatitis (B or C) but also with hypertension or diabetes, although it is still we don’t know exactly why these disorders and lichen go hand in hand.

  • As with all other autoimmune diseases, and despite what many continue to believe, this disorder is not contagious.

Virus that can cause bleeding gums

when we accumulate a lot of dental plaque and we did not go to the consultation to remove it (with curettage), bacteria proliferate which are the ones that will cause the inflammation and bleeding. But we know that also some viruses are able he.

the herpes virus is one of them (also human immunodeficiency virus or AIDS virus). Many of us carry it within us without causing discomfort, as if it were sleeping.

But can “waking up” after a period of stress intense, trauma strong or the Sun exposure. We have all seen or experienced a lesion on the lip at some point, although it can appear inside the mouth.

  • There may be a high fever from 39º or 40º, decline and large faintness general.
  • After about 5 days This is when generalized gingivitis appears, throughout the oral cavity and, finally, small blisters or vesicles, 2 to 4 mm in diameter they are painful (on the palate, inside the cheeks, tongue and lips, gums…).
  • If they break, there are some yellowish or grayish sores surrounded by a red halo.
  • The usual thing is that in some two weeks these wounds they disappear

A side effect of medication

The incidence of drug-related oral lesions increase. And not only because many are prescribed today, but also because the self-medication it’s usually a habit too grounded

THE antiepileptics, THE immunosuppressants (needed after receiving an organ) or those donated for coronary problems dilating the arteries are the ones that most often have this effect.

In many cases inflammation erasers occurs after three months since they began to be taken, when the oral mucosa retained more medicine. If you have ever had gingivitis, there is a greater risk of it occurring.

Why do cold and flavors hurt?

Many people report severe pain and unpleasant sensations after taking something cold, very hot or very sweet. What happens in this case? Why has the area become so sensitive?

  • The softest and most porous layer of the tooth (the dentin) is covered by another, the enamel, which is much harder. But if worn or the gums have receded (after a period of inflammation), the dentin is exposed.

Dentin contains thousands of canals which cannot be seen with the naked eye and which transmit the sensation of cold, hot, sour or sweet to the nerves inside the tooth.

with wear, the nerve is activated more easily And that’s when we noticed this intense discomfort.

after a mouth cleaning, A whitening or after placing a new crown or put a filling it can also happen.

Using desensitizing toothpaste and mouthwashes can improve symptoms. and in any case if it bleeds for more than a week, see a doctor.

Other Causes of Bleeding Gums

There lack of vitamin C or one blood cancer (leukemia) These are other causes, but less common. Yes, they are more common:

  • I started flossing and pass it vigorously (also when brushing). It’s best to do it gently. Over the days, the gums will strengthen.
  • An ill-fitting prosthesis it can also lead to irritation, inflammation, and possibly bleeding.


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