Spain is one of the European countries where the most implants the teeth are placed. 2 out of 10 people between 25 and 79 claims to have a dental implant.
However, before undergoing a treatment of this type, it is advisable to be well informed and put yourself in good hands.
And it is that 2 out of 3 patients with dental implants develop a certain type of infection that can loss of implants. Experts warn that it is essential to implement simple measures preventive measures to avoid it.
Risks of dental implants
Dental implants are an excellent alternative to traditional removable prostheses to restore missing teeth.
However, “They don’t have the same durability or the same biological resistance compared to natural teeth, which causes inflammatory processes of peri-implant tissues“points Mariano Sanzprofessor of periodontics at the Complutense University of Madrid and administrator of the SEPA Foundation.
Actually, “practically 2 out of 3 people who receive dental implants will develop some type of peri-implant diseasewhether it be peri-implant mucositis either peri-implantitis“warns Dr. Elena Figuero, periodontist and professor at the Faculty of Dentistry of the Complutense University of Madrid.
The experts gathered at Periodontics and Oral Health Congress who organizes the SEPA Foundation of the Spanish Society of Periodontics have highlighted the importance of adopting measures preventive And proper care to avoid it.
THE peri-implant diseases are part of complications more common when placing an implant.
It is infectious process caused by bacteria that affect the tissues surrounding dental implants. The most common are the peri-implant mucositis and the peri-implantitis.
- There mucus is the inflammation of the mucosa that surrounds the implant, without affecting the bone in which the implant was placed. It manifests similarly to gingivitis with symptoms like inflammationswelling and redness. He bleeding probing is a good indicator of peri-implant mucositis.
- In the peri-implantitisin addition to the existence of an inflammation of the peri-implant soft tissues (and, consequently, of bleeding), the progressive bone loss which houses the implant and which is visible on an X-ray. The progression of the disease can stop with the loss of implants.
Tips to prevent them
For prevent the advance of peri-implant disease which could eventually lead to loss of the implant, it is essential put into practice A series of measures:
From KNOW offer 6 practical tips which can help to effectively prevent the onset of these diseases:
- Make a correct brushing of teeth and implantsincluding interdental hygiene devices (such as dental floss or interproximal brushes) after each meal.
- if the prosthesis worn on dental implants does not allow good hygiene around the entire implant (including spaces between implant/tooth or implant/implant), it is necessary go to the dentist to change or modify the shape of the prosthesis in order to perform adequate hygiene.
- Go to the dental office to have the dentist/periodontist perform the professional cleaning of implants at least twice a year.
- If you suffer from periodontitis, you should not skip visits to the dentist. revision and maintenance with the periodontist at the indicated frequency (usually every 4-6 months), to keep the disease under control.
- quit smoking. Smoking is particularly harmful to oral health and increases the risk of infection after implant placement.
- In people with diabetesextreme measures are advised to achieve adequate blood sugar control.
In good hands
In our country, between 1,200,000 and 1,400,000 million implants are placed each year. For this reason, professionals in the sector of dental implantology and some periodontics insist that when it comes to carrying out treatment safely, it is necessary to be well informed and to require references in order not to suffer Things no personal damage.
Peri-implant diseases are among the complications more frequent associated with implants and can lead to the loss of these.
A Spanish study published in Journal of Clinical Periodontology reveals that up to 50% of patients with a dental implant suffers from peri-implant disease.
And in the case of peri-implantitisthe most serious because it can lead to the loss of the implant, up to 24% of patients with a dental implant develop it at middle term (mean follow-up 9 years).